Parties

The original signatories of the Antarctic Treaty are the twelve countries that actively participated in the 1957-58 International Geophysical Year. These countries have the right to participate in Treaty meetings as provided for in Article IX (Antarctic Treaty Consultative Meetings, ATRC).

However, since 1959, 42 other countries acceded to the Treaty and therefore have the right to nominate representatives to participate in the meetings, provided that they demonstrate their interest in Antarctica by conducting important scientific research there. Seventeen of the acceding Parties have carried out activities in Antarctica in accordance with this provision.

There are now 29 Consultative Parties and 25 Non-Consultative Parties, making a total of 54 Parties. The latter are invited to attend meetings but do not participate in the decision making.

Consultative Parties:

  • Alemania
  • Argentina
  • Australia
  • Bélgica
  • Brasil
  • Bulgaria
  • Chile
  • China
  • Corea RDC
  • Ecuador
  • España
  • Estados Unidos
  • Federación de Rusia
  • Finlandia
  • Francia
  • Italia
  • India
  • Japón
  • Noruega
  • Nueva Zelanda
  • Países Bajos
  • Perú
  • Polonia
  • Reino Unido
  • República Checa
  • Sudáfrica
  • Suecia
  • Ucrania
  • Uruguay

Non-Consultative Parties:

  • Austria
  • Belarús
  • Canadá
  • Colombia
  • Corea RDPC
  • Cuba
  • Dinamarca
  • Eslovenia
  • Estonia
  • Grecia
  • Guatemala
  • Hungría
  • Islandia
  • Kazajstán
  • Malasia
  • Mónaco
  • Mongolia
  • Pakistán
  • Papúa Nueva Guinea
  • Portugal
  • República de Eslovaquia
  • Rumania
  • Suiza
  • Turquía
  • Venezuela